The Government is planning to make the country energy surplus with a target of generating 1,178 billion units, leading to a 1.1 per cent overall electricity surplus this fiscal. According to the Load Generation Balance Report (LGBR) for 2016-17, the Centre has set a target of generating 1,178 billion units with overall surplus of 1.1 per cent and peak surplus of 2.6 per cent.
The government used to plan generation with deficit of power in the past in its LGBRs, which are brought out every year to project electricity demand and supply situation.
The report covers the month-wise anticipated energy requirement and availability as well as peak demand and availability for the year against an all India annual generation target.
The LGBR is finalised by the Central Electricity Authority and approved by the Power Ministry after detailed discussions with the states/utilities and Central/State/Private generation companies.
Imports from power projects in Bhutan and availability from non-conventional and renewable energy sources in the country are also factored into the report.
With the commissioning of these transmission lines, the inter-state and intra-state capabilities of power transfer in the country enhanced considerably. Rigorous monitoring is being done to add capacity in the 12th plan period.
A generating capacity above 16,654.5 mw has been considered in the LGBR for 2016-17. These measures are expected to help the deficit states reduce their shortfall.
Surplus energy is anticipated at 3.3 per cent and 6.9 per cent in the southern and western regions, respectively. Northern, eastern and north-eastern regions are likely to face energy shortage of 1.8 per cent, 10.3 per cent and 8.3 per cent, respectively.
The peaking shortages are likely to prevail mainly in the northern, southern and north-eastern regions to the tune of 1.6 per cent, 10.0 per cent and 3.8 per cent, respectively.
Power shortage was at 2.1 per cent - the lowest level in a single year - during the last financial year.
Among the states where power surplus is anticipated in the current fiscal are: Delhi at 18.6 per cent, Madhya Pradesh at 11.9 per cent, Maharashtra 7.4 per cent and Tamil Nadu at 11.2 per cent, among others.
The states where electricity deficit is anticipated are Jammu & Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar and Jharkhand, among others.