Various green growth interventions in the energy sector can create employment for around 117 lakh people by 2031 at the national level, a study has said.
The study conducted by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in collaboration with Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) underlines the importance of green growth interventions to deal with climate change, natural resource management, sustainable energy and inclusive development.
The two-year study which provides recommendations both for the national level and states like Punjab and Himachal Pradesh, aims to propel them towards green growth and sustainable development.
“At a national level, green growth interventions in energy sector can create employment for 117 lakhs by 2031. As far as state interventions are concerned, Punjab will witness an increase of 6-8 per cent in evapotranspiration from crops, thereby increasing the irrigation requirement.
“In irrigation, there would be a deficit of 14.4 billion cubic metres (BCM) in 2030s unless crop diversification takes place. For Punjab, annual mean temperature is projected to increase by 1.2-1.4 C for 2021-2050 period relative to 1971-2000,” the study said.
It said apple production in Himachal Pradesh could decrease by 4 per cent by 2030 due to climate change.
“As a result of climate change, apple production in Himachal Pradesh could decrease by 4 per cent by 2030. In addition, 11.61 per cent of the state will have catastrophic soil erosion in the 2030s. Overall warming in the state would increase with Mean Annual Maximum temperature projected to rise by 1.1-1.9C for 2021-2050 period relative to 1971-2000,” it said.
As India steps up action following the Paris Climate Agreement, the study hopes to provide national and state level policy makers with new analysis, information and recommendations to design and implement policies and programmes.