A report released on Monday claimed that a record 165,918 Indians were studying in the US during academic year 2015-16, a rise of 25 per cent over the last year.
The statistics also make India the second leading country of origin among international students in America.
"This was the highest absolute increase of students ever and followed the previous year's record growth," according to the 2016 Open Doors Report on International Educational Exchange.
Also, "the number of international students at US colleges and universities surpassed one million for the first time during the 2015-16 academic year, an increase of seven per cent from the previous year to a new high of nearly 1,044,000, representing five per cent of the total student population at US institutions," it said.
The Open Doors report is published annually by the Institute of International Education in partnership with the US Department of State's Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.
"The new report indicates there were a record 165,918 students from India, a 25 per cent increase on the year before, making it the second leading country of origin among international students in the United States," it said.
The US hosts more of the world's 4.5 million globally mobile college and university students than any other country in the world, more than double the number hosted by the UK, the second leading host country, the US Embassy here said in a statement, quoting from the report.
"In 2015-16, there were nearly 69,000 more international students in US higher education compared to the previous year," it said.
"Higher education continues to be the bedrock of our people to people ties. More students from India studied in the United States than ever before at all levels and I am especially pleased to see the record back-to-back, year-on-year growth in student numbers," US Ambassador Richard Verma was quoted as saying in the statement.
"With efforts such as our Passport to India initiative, we are also seeing the number of American students in India beginning to grow," he added.
India accounts for one out of every six international students in the US. Approximately three-fifths of Indian students are at the graduate level and three-fourths are in the STEM fields (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics).
Open Doors also reports that over 313,000 US students received credit last year for studying abroad during 2014-15, an increase of nearly three per cent over the previous year.
"India is ranked 13th among the top 25 destinations of US study abroad. The number of US students going to India to study for academic credit at their home university in the US decreased by 3.2 per cent to 4,438, although this number has remained relatively flat across the last five years at 4,500," the report said.