Chipko movement also known as Chipko Andolan was the ecological movement that took place in the northern Himalayas segment of Uttar Pradesh (later Uttarakhand).
The movement was particularly led by women, in India in the 1970s, aimed at protecting trees and forests slated for government-backed logging.
The nonviolent movement was initiated by the Sundarlal Bahuguna with a group of volunteers and women to make the non-violent protest by clinging to the trees to save them from falling.
The word " Chipko" means " to stick" or "to hug".
All you need to know about Chipko movement:
# In modern India, the movement started in 1973 in Uttar Pradesh’s Mandal village.
# Sunderlal Bahuguna coined the Chipko slogan, “Ecology is permanent economy”.
# Chipko Andolan began to preserve the nature from being mercilessly destroyed on accounts of dam construction, setting up of factories or roads.
# The original movement dates back to the 18th century in Rajasthan where people of Bishnoi community resisted deforestation by embracing them.
# The movement was led by Amrita Devi, 383 people from 84 villages sacrificed their lives protecting a group of Kehri trees.
# Sunderlal Bahuguna along with Dhoom Singh Negi, Bachni Devi, Chandi Prasad Bhatt took part in the Chipko Andolan
# The movement got its name from the word ‘embrace or hug’ and that’s what hundreds of nature lovers did in order to save the trees from being illegally chopped down.