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Cost of cardiovascular disease, diabetes in India USD 6.2 trillion

Non-communicable Diseases Like Cardiovascular, Diabetes And Cancer Can Cost The Indian Economy A Whopping USD 6.2 Trillion During The 2012 2030 Period, A UN Report Has Said, Warning About The Spread Of Such Diseases In Rapidly Urbanising Countries Like India And China.

PTI | Updated on: 08 Apr 2016, 07:48:44 PM

United Nations:

Non-communicable diseases like cardiovascular, diabetes and cancer can cost the Indian economy a whopping USD 6.2 trillion during the 2012 2030 period, a UN report has said, warning about the spread of such diseases in rapidly urbanising countries like India and China.

“Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) present not only a threat to human health in cities, but also have significant economic implications,”  said the ‘Global Report on Urban Health: Equitable, healthier cities for sustainable development’, jointly released by the WHO and the UN Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat).

It said increasing urbanisation pose a unique set of health challenges and the lifestyle and working patterns of urban residents have the potential to fuel an increase in NCDs in cities.

The report added that it is no surprise that the cost of NCDs is substantial in urbanising economies, particularly China and India.

Between 2014 and 2050, China is expected to add an additional 292 million people to its cities, while in India that figure is estimated at 404 million.

The report warned that inadequate planning for the “inevitable increase in urbanisation” in India is creating a socially and environmentally “unsustainable” situation.

“The cost of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases and mental health conditions has been estimated at USD 27.8 trillion for China and USD 6.2 trillion for India during 2012-2030,” it said.

In China and India, cardiovascular disease and mental health conditions present the greatest economic threats, followed by respiratory diseases and cancer.

China’s losses exceed those of India’s as the impact of lost labour and physical capital is greater in higher-income countries, the report said.

For India, the economic implications of cardiovascular diseases during the period is pegged at USD 2.25 trillion, the same as that of diabetes. The cost of mental health is estimated at USD 2.28 trillion.

The report added the key barrier in upgrading and maintaining cities in India is “political”.

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First Published : 08 Apr 2016, 07:46:00 PM

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