ISRO launches Chandrayaan-2 from Sriharikota (Photo Credit: ISRO)
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on Monday scripted a history by launching Chandrayaan-2 successfully. The launch of Chandrayaan-2 was carried out at 2.43 pm from Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota on-board GSLV Mk-III. With the successful launch of Chandrayaan-2, ISRO has taken a giant leap in aerospace sector too.
With the clapping and congratulatory handshakes with each other, all the scientists in ISRO expressed their happiness on the successful launch of their ambitious Chandrayaan-2 mission. ISRO Chairman Kailasavadivoo Sivan also congratulated other Scientists after the successful launch of Chandrayaan-2.
ISRO Chief K Sivan said, “I amm extremely happy to announce that the #GSLVMkIII-M1 successfully injected #Chandrayaan2 spacecraft into Earth Orbit. It is the beginning of a historic journey of India towards moon & to land at a place near South Pole to carry out scientific experiments.” “After that technical snag we had, we fixed it & now ISRO has bounced back with flying colours,” he added.
The Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft weighs approximately 3290 kilograms and it would launched by the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mk-III (or GSLV Mk) rocket. Dubbed as ‘Baahubali’, the GSLV Mk-III rocket which stands 43 metres tall. In Chandrayaan-2, a total of 13 payloads are distributed across the three modules where the Orbiter and Vikram Lander are stacked upon each other whereas the Pragyan Rover is housed inside the lander.
Launch of Chandrayaan 2 by GSLV MkIII-M1 Vehicle https://t.co/P93BGn4wvT— ISRO (@isro) July 22, 2019
Chandrayaan-2 has three elements including the Rover, the Lander and the Orbiter. As soon as the spacecraft will make a soft landing on the moon, the lander will separate from the Orbiter and then perform a series of complex manoeuvres comprising of tough braking and fine braking.
The lander, named Vikram, will land near the Moon’s South Pole and then it will then carry out experiments on Lunar surface for 1 Lunar day. A single lunar day is equal to 14 Earth days. However. Orbiter will continue its mission for a duration of one year.
— ISRO (@isro) July 22, 2019
The GSLV Mk-III will place Chandrayaan-2 into an elliptical Earth parking orbit, enlarging it over days or weeks with thrusts to raise the orbit apogee. However, the apogee will be high enough that a thrust can send the spacecraft on to a lunar transfer trajectory. A lunar orbit insertion burn will place Chandrayaan-2 into an elliptical orbit and the spacecraft will begin braking to reduce its orbit to a 100-kilometre circle.
The historic Chandrayaan-2 mission will target a completely unexplored section of the Moon that is, its “South Polar region - Aitken Basin”. By conducting topographical studies and mineralogical analyses alongside a few other experiments on the Moon’s Surface, the ISRO’s ambitious mission aimed to get a better understanding of the Moon’s origin and its evolution.
It is worth mentioning here that the Chandrayaan-2 was supposed to be launched on July 15 at 2:51 am from Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh. Unfortunately, due to a technical issue, ISRO called off Chandrayaan-2 mission.
WATCH CHANDRAYAAN'S LAUNCH HERE: