North Korea on Sunday claimed of successfully testing a Hydrogen Bomb, raising fears among its neighbours and countries who have been regularly protesting the advances being made by the Korean country on nuclear warfare technology.
North Korea claims to have achieved making Hydrogen Bomb small enough to fit on a missile. While, experts across the globe claim it is not possible.
Know more about Hydrogen bomb
A hydrogen bomb has a far larger yield than any other traditional weapons. The bomb can be
small but the devastation is much greater than any other explosive weapon of its size.
Hydrogen bombs use fusion similarly the same process that powers our sun or any other star.
Isotopes of hydrogen are forced together to release a much bigger blast — hundreds times powerful than the nuclear weapon that have been used in warfare.
Atmospheric hydrogen is a mixture of three isotopes. The most common is called protium, second isotope is deuterium and third the Tritium.
The Tritium isotope is a radioactive gas with a half-life of about 121/4 years. It is used in making of an hydrogen bomb.
The Tritium nucleus is called the triton and it consists of a proton plus two neutrons.
Making of fuel
Since there is nearly no naturally occurring of Tritium, so it has to be synthesized.
Synthesization is done in specially designed reactors, which aren’t easy to build and generate the fuel for the bomb. In special conditions the fuel is forced to start a nuclear chain reaction leading to rudimentary nuclear bomb.
First Hydrogen bomb
The Hydrogen bomb was first successfully tested by United States 60 years early. Countries like Russia, UK, China and France have been able to make one for themselves.