ITER Project or The Path (Photo Credit: iter.org/)
India has taken a huge leap in aerospace sector, thanks to ISRO. Recently, ISRO successfully launched Chandrayaan-2 on July 22, 2019. Chandrayaan-2 will target a completely unexplored section of the Moon that is, its “South Polar region - Aitken Basin”. And now, scientists in France are trying to create a 'miniature Sun' on Earth and India is a partner in this mega project. Yes, you read it right. Dubbed as The ITER Project or The Path, costing over Euro 20 billion, it has ‘Made in India’ written all over it. Interesting, isn’t it?
According to report published in NDTV, India have committed around Rs 17,500 crores for creating a 'miniature Sun'. It is to b noted that by contributing to about ten per cent of the cost, India has the access to one hundred per cent of technology. Globally, International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactors (ITER) is the most expensive science project on Earth ever to be undertaken in this era. Also, this is most expensive mega-science effort India is participating in. The total weight of the ITER reactor will be about 28,000 tonnes.
Importantly, India has contributed the biggest component in the project - the world's largest refrigerator that houses this unique reactor, was made in Gujarat by Larsen & Toubro. It weighs over 3800 tonnes.
It is worth mentioning here that the mega project is undertaken by USA, Russia, South Korea, China, Japan, European Union and India. All these countries are USA, Russia, South Korea, China, Japan, European Union and India.
"This place to me is the coolest place on Earth, because here in the near future we will have a little Sun on Earth and it will be a 150 million degrees Celsius so it will be the hottest place on Earth, ten times hotter than our Sun," NDTV quoted Dr Mark Henderson, a scientist at ITER, as saying. He further said as per one calculation ten such fusion reactors could power all the energy needs of Italy.
Dr Tim Luce, Chief Scientist at ITER called India "a valuable partner" and said it made key components like the cryostat, which is perhaps one of the biggest thermos bottles in the world.
Yesterday, Prime Minister Narendra Modi took stock of this mega project. On his visit to France, PM Modi and French President Emmanuel Macron reviewed the ITER project and commended the joint partnership in International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactors (ITER).