In a recent breakthrough research, CERN Scientists have revealed that the universe which we know should not exist. The CERN scientists have performed the meticulous experiment on antiprotons in which they have found a symmetry in nature that they say just shouldn't be possible.
The scientists have raised serious concern about the universe that the first matter formed after the Big Bang. Because according to the researchers, particles, and antiparticles destroy one another when they come into contact, if there were exactly equal measures of both, the universe wouldn’t exist—at least not in the form we see it today.
So according to them, there should be an imbalance between particles and antiparticles, even if it is only by the tiniest fraction.
"All of our observations find a complete symmetry between matter and antimatter, which is why the universe should not actually exist," first author Christian Smorra, from Japan’s RIKEN institute, said in a statement.
In the study, researchers used antiprotons that had been isolated in 2015. The antiprotons were measured using the interaction of two traps that use electrical and magnetic fields to capture them. The team was able to measure the magnetic force of the antiproton to a level that is 350 times more precise than ever before.
If there was an imbalance between protons and antiprotons, this level of precision would be the best bet for finding it. "At its core, the question is whether the antiproton has the same magnetism as a proton," said Stefan Ulmer, spokesperson of the BASE group. "This is the riddle we need to solve."
"The measurement of antiprotons was extremely difficult and we had been working on it for 10 years. The final breakthrough came with the revolutionary idea of performing the measurement with two particles."
After finding no asymmetry between particles and antiparticles, the researchers will now work to develop even higher-precision measurements of protons and antiprotons to improve on the latest findings. "An asymmetry must exist here somewhere but we simply do not understand where the difference is. What is the source of the symmetry break?" Smorra said.
The findings from the BASE (Baryon Antibaryon Symmetry Experiment) are published in the journal Nature.