The majority secessionist lawmakers in Catalonia’s parliament have voted in a new leader, tasking him with overseeing the wealthy region’s breakaway from Spain in a last-minute show of unity after months of bitter infighting.
Carles Puigdemont was elected regional president yesterday with 70 votes for, 63 against and two abstentions, giving Catalonia’s high-profile independence movement a fresh lease of life and drawing a sharp rebuke from Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy, who vowed to fight for his country’s unity.
“The government won’t allow a single act that could harm the unity and sovereignty of Spain,” Rajoy warned in a live, televised appearance in Madrid.
After months of acrimony, Catalonia’s pro-independence faction that won regional parliamentary elections in September finally came to an agreement this weekend over who should lead the new local government.
The focus of the squabble had been Artur Mas, the incumbent, separatist regional president whom the far-left CUP party—part of the secessionist faction that won the polls -- rejected over his support for austerity and corruption scandals linked to his party.
And with Mas stubbornly refusing to step aside as a weekend deadline to form a government loomed, Catalonia seemed to be heading for fresh elections, which would have been the fourth since 2010.
But in a surprise move Mas agreed to step aside on Saturday, naming the relatively unknown politician Puigdemont as his successor.
The 53-year-old mayor of Girona—who comes from a fervently pro-independence family—will now appoint his cabinet.
“We need... to start the process to set up an independent state in Catalonia,” Puigdemont said in a speech to the northeastern region’s parliament ahead of the vote.
The last-ditch agreement to form a Catalan government stands in stark contrast to the situation in Madrid, where the national government is in limbo following inconclusive December polls.
Rajoy’s conservative Popular Party (PP) came top in the December 20 elections but lost its absolute majority, leaving him struggling to form a coalition government as other parties refuse to support him.
“The (separatist) coalition is profiting from the power vacuum in Madrid,” headlined online daily El Espanol yesterday. So far the PP’s traditional Socialist rivals (PSOE), who came second in the elections, have refused to back him.
But ironically, the newly reached separatist deal may put pressure on the PSOE to stand united with the PP over its opposition to Catalonia breaking away from Spain.