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EXPLAINED: Saudi Arabia vs Iran rivalry and current crisis in 10 points

The Two Middle-eastern Giants Saudi Arabia And Iran Have Called Off All Ties After The Former Executed Shite Cleric Nimr-al Nimr. Here Is A 10 Point Explanation And Analysis Of Historic Prospect Of Rivalry Between Saudi Arabia And Iran.

News Nation Bureau | Edited By : Aman Dwivedi | Updated on: 05 Jan 2016, 12:10:01 PM

New Delhi:

The two Middle-eastern giants Saudi Arabia and Iran have called off all ties after the former executed Shite cleric Nimr-al Nimr. Here is a 10 point explanation and analysis of historic prospect of rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Iran.

1.) Saudi Arabia and Iran are two religious hard liner nations. Saudi Arabia is a Sunni Islamic kingdom with close ties to the West. Iran officially became a Shia Islamic republic in the 1979 anti-Western revolution.

2.) Cold War: At the time of war between Yemen and Syria, Riyadh had supported Sunni rebel forces in the Syria conflict while Tehran backed Houthi rebels in Yemen.

3.) Business competition: More than the religious differences, the two nations are business competitors. Saudi Arabia and Iran are two major suppliers of Oil to the world. More than the religious rivalry these two nations are competitors on business fronts.

4.) Relations with western world: Saudi Arabia is a west inclined country, whereas Iran shares a very bitter past with the western forces. Riyadh has always accused

5.) Dominance in middle east: While Tehran accuses Riyadh of their west inclination. Saudi accuses Iran of trying to exert its influence across the Persian Gulf and create its own nuclear arsenal. 

Current Crisis 

1) Saudi Arabia is a Sunni dominant nation where the Shiites amount to 15 per cent of total population. The executed leader Nimr-Al Nimr was popular name among the Shia community for his vocals against the Sunni government.

2)  Riyadh executed Nimr Al Nimr along with 47 others, majorly Sunni leaders, on charges of waging anti-country protests.

3)  The execution triggered mass protest in Iran as the common masses saw it as an attack on their religion. The protests were also triggered worldwide as Shia leaders waged strongly reacted to the executions.

4) In a remarkable development, a mob attacked and ransacked the Saudi Arabian mob in Iran. Following which, Riyadh also expelled the Iranian embassy and asked the diplomats two leave the country in ‘48 hours’.

5) Currently, the two nations have broken all ties on economic and strategic fronts. The situation is expected to get worsen as many experts expect that the two nations are heading towards a potential war.    

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First Published : 05 Jan 2016, 12:00:00 PM