This is the first conviction for labour trafficking in Singapore (Photo Credit: Image for representation- Photo by Holger Detje from Pixabay )
A married Indian couple, who ran two entertainment clubs in Singapore's upmarket clubbing precinct of Boat Quay, was found guilty on Friday of illegally harbouring three Bangladeshi women in the first conviction for labour trafficking in Singapore. Indian nationals Priyanka Batthacharya Rajesh (29) and Malkar Savlaram Anant (49) were also charged with exploiting the women, with one woman having been forced to prostitution, according to a Channel News Asia report. The sentencing of the convicted couple has been slated for December 19.
The channel citing court documents reported that the women were promised jobs as dancers at clubs Kanggan and Kickk, with a monthly salary of 60,000 Bangladeshi taka (SGD 982). But they were subjected to "oppressive conditions" here, said the prosecution, citing "difficult work conditions, verbal abuse, onerous financial penalties should they decide to resign, close surveillance and tight control over their movement and communications".
None of the women were not allowed to keep even the tips they earned, although dancers at both clubs were meant to generate income through customer tips. To top it off, two of them were not paid their monthly salaries.
The women, who shared a six-bedroom apartment in Jalan Besar Plaza with the couple and two club DJs, were not allowed to leave the flat on their own and were not given the keys to the unit.
They were made to surrender their passports and were never given their work permits. Priyanka told one of the women she would be arrested if she was caught outside without a permit, said the Channel report.
They were made to work even when they were ill and turned up at the clubs seven days a week, it said.
Even when two of the women were sick, they were still made to work, the report said, adding they were expected to work seven days a week, without a break and were given revenue targets.
When one of them did not meet her daily revenue target, the couple ?showed their temper and scolded her?. When another woman refused to go out with a customer, Priyanka ?physically abused her?.
"They hurled verbal abuses at the victims and threatened to blacklist them and reduce their salaries for not having enough collections," the channel quoted the prosecution as saying.
"The victims were also berated for complaining about customers touching them inappropriately and refusing to call customers to come to the clubs during their non-working hours."
At one point, Priyanka's husband Malkar, also known as "Johnny" or "Dada", suggested that one of the women "sell (her) vagina and earn money".
Things took a turn for this woman, who was eventually forced to provide sexual services to customers at Kanggan. When she said she wanted to go back to Bangladesh, Priyanka told her she would have to pay a financial penalty.
Malkar, who was the clubs' sole managing operator, tried to convince her by promising to give her half her earnings. The woman relented on four separate occasions, but her earnings went to the couple.
In addition to their employment contract being in English, a language they struggled to understand, terms required that the women pay their own two-way airfare and one month's salary to the company should they resign prematurely.
The "illegal obligation ... effectively rendered the victims unable to terminate their employment", the prosecution said.
"The victims had very little education and were also severely disadvantaged by the fact that they could barely understand English at the time they were to append their signatures on the contracts."
"They had little choice but to comply with the conditions stated therein as they had already entered Singapore and received advance salaries."
"The victims, whose stories are typical of trafficked victims in Singapore, had very little education, and they came to Singapore to earn a better living. (They) were entirely at the mercy of the accused persons," court documents stated.
The couples' crimes were uncovered after the police received a tip-off that resulted in a joint operation with the Ministry of Manpower (MOM).
The duo denied several claims.
Priyanka said she did not arrange for any of the dancers to go out with customers for sex. Meanwhile, Malkar denied that any of the women had provided customers with sex services. They also said they "never saw the employment contract that the victims signed", court documents showed, and that they did not confiscate the victims' passports, work permits or mobile phones.
They also asserted the women had the freedom to leave their lodging when they wanted to.
The prosecution described them to be "untruthful witnesses".
"The accused persons have every incentive to lie to conceal their guilt and have done so on several occasions in the court of their testimony in court."
The victims' accounts, however, were "consistent".
"Each of the victim's evidence was clear, cogent and painted a harrowing picture of the conditions she was subject to at the club and lodging. None of the victims had any reason to make up false allegations against the accused persons," the prosecution argued.
"The victims were economic migrants who came from Bangladesh to Singapore to work and earn money."
"It would not make sense at all for them to make up lies to the police about their working conditions and the treatment they received, and in doing so jeopardise and abandon their source of employment and income in Singapore," said the prosecution.